VO2 MAX elevates endurance levels no matter what sport you’re competing in or what training regime you’re following. Excellence is literally in the blood. VO2 Max’s natural formulation lets you make the most of what’s already in you, in a 100% healthy way and with complete integrity from the leading brand in sports nutrition.
Vitamin C is an essential micronutrient with many important biological functions, and a cofactor for the biosynthesis of collagen, carnitine, neurotransmitters, peptide hormones and has an anti-catabolic effect and accelerates muscle recovery. Vitamin C is also considered a potent antioxidant, which eliminates reactive oxygen and nitrogen. Antioxidants are substances which contribute to reduce the effects of stress and lack of oxygen caused by exercise, forming complexes which reduce free radical producing reactions. Free radicals are unstable molecules, without a pair of electrons in their outer orbits and are highly reactive and can cause traumatic processes in the tissues caused by different reactions. Intense and continuous physical exercise produces free radicals, which can cause muscle damage followed by the inflammatory process, restricting muscle function.
A daily dose of niacin improves erectile function particularly in men with high cholesterol. It helps increase blood flow and reduce inflammation-one of the underlying causes of both erectile dysfunction and high cholesterol. Niacin is also used to make sex hormones and other chemical-signal molecules.
Vitamin B6 is a key in the breakdown of certain proteins and allows the body to utilize energy to the fullest potential. It supports glycogen breakdown into glucose to produce energy needed on trainings. In addition, Vitamin B6 also aids in building muscle by involving the metabolism of amino acids and synthesis of natural steroid hormones. It is also proven to help in preventing muscle spasm and cramps by increasing the bioavailability of magnesium in the body. Furthermore, Vitamin B6 supplementation not only plays a particularly significant role on athletic performance but also for the “performance mentality” of athletes. B6 vitamin is needed for proper brain development and function and to make the hormones serotonin and norepinephrine, which affect mood.
Folate supplementation decreases homocysteine levels - Homocysteine is an amino acid byproduct of protein being metabolized in our body. Elevated homocysteine levels are indicated to increase the risk of heart attack and stroke. This chemical increases during strenuous physical sports. From that, folate’s importance for athletes is very detrimental in their performance. It reduces the risks that may come along with intense trainings. In addition, folate is also highly important for the conversion of creatine into phosphocreatine for better energy production. It also delays fatigue and exercise-induced exhaustion, so you can stay longer on trainings.
Vitamin B12 is essential in the production of healthy red blood cells. Not having enough b12 results in b12 deficiency and potentially anaemia. Anaemia causes the body to produce larger than normal red blood cells. Described as megaloblastic, which do not provide oxygen to cells as efficiently, which would therefore reduce oxygen-carrying capacity of the blood, thereby reducing aerobic performance. In addition, b12 contributes to the formation of the myelin sheath which enhances cognitive function by increasing the speed of transmission of an action potential in a neuron and the propagation of a nerve impulse via saltatory conduction. As a result, B12 enhances brain agility and sharpens reflexes while in action.
Iodine is an important mineral primarily needed for normal functioning of the thyroid gland and active body metabolism. It is an essential nutrient for thyroid hormone production. Thyroid hormones play an important role in how our body creates and uses energy. It binds to receptors on each cell’s membrane surface and inside the cell at the mitochondria where energy is produced. Furthermore, athletes especially need to replace iodine in their body because it essentially aids in hormonal regulation and the release of cortisol (the main hormone involved in stress and the fight-or-flight response) during times of stress. Peak energy usage demands iodine sufficiency.
Theobromine is known to bolster brain health. Its vasodilating effect helps promote blood flow and oxygenation in the brain and prevent the onset of gray matter in the organ which in turn lowers the odds of suffering from cognitive issues. Furthermore, theobromine is an adenosine receptor antagonist. This means, that it binds to the neurotransmitter receptor adenosine, it does not activate it, but blocks adenosine itself from reaching said receptors, therefore increasing mental alertness. Also, the energy from theobromine feels more like from a good sleep and gives you a “holistic high” by making you feel more focused.
The main use of inositol is for the storage and metabolism of amino acids. It is also an important part of the citric acid cycle, or the main series of chemical reactions that leads to food being turned into energy within the body. It works by helping the body use insulin. Insulin is a hormone made by the pancreas and released into the bloodstream. Insulin allows our cells to take in glucose and in turn produce energy. In addition, while optimizing your energy levels, inositol also uplifts mood and serotonin activity which are also essential in enhancing mental alertness.
Echinacea Purpurea (ECH) is taken by endurance athletes for its performance boosting properties. Echinacea improves the blood’s oxygen carrying capacity by increasing production of erythropoietin (EPO), a glycoprotein that regulates red blood cell formation. It is thought that echinacea can increase red blood cell count and thereby increase oxygen carrying capacity and exercise performance.
Trehalose is a multifunctional carbohydrate which is composed of simple sugar that digests very slowly due to the enzyme necessary to break its bond - trehalase - works slowly. So even though trehalose is composed of only two glucose molecules, it takes longer to digest than most sugars. In connection, according to studies, slow-digesting carbohydrates are great pre-workout nutrition choices because they’ve been shown in athletes to enhance muscle endurance and even increase the amount of fat burned during intense exercise and at rest. Another benefit of trehalose is its ability to aid in nutrient absorption, improves cellular hydration, regulates insulin and glucose levels and helps in weight management.
The intake of Beta- Alanine as a supplement has been shown to increase intracellular buffering capacity during exercise, enabling athletes to perform high intensity exercise for longer periods of time. This is due to beta alanine’s primary role on lactate threshold, which in endurance training is defined as the rate at which there is equilibrium in lactic acid production and lactic acid elimination. As exercise intensity increases and the demand for energy outpaces the capacity of aerobic metabolism, the body shifts to rely on anaerobic metabolism for energy. This results in the production of additional Hydrogen ions as lactic acid accumulates in muscle tissue, negatively affecting performance. The body attempts to fight this intramuscular change in pH by buffering hydrogen, a physiologic correction that can delay fatigue. At this lower pH, muscles cannot balance lactic acid production with lactic acid elimination. This results in an overall slowing of movement, decreased physical strength, and intensity. But with beta-alanine’ aids, pH levels are balanced, and training can continue for longer periods at increased intensity.
Coenzyme A™ is a non-protein chemical that cells use in the process of electron transfer to begin the process of aerobic respiration which generates energy in the form of ATP. ATP refers to a specific type of ‘nucleoside triphosphate’ which are molecules that contain a nucleoside combined with three groups of phosphate. Nucleotides are essentially the “food” that your body needs to process and build DNA and other forms of nucleic acids such as RNA. This in turn means Coenzyme A™ is necessary in the production of energy in your muscles to last longer during your most intense workouts.
Quercetin can boost endurance, increase VO2 max, fight fatigue, support the immune system and helps repair exercise-induced damage in the body. It increases an athlete’s endurance with or without exercise training. Moreover, quercetin also increase energy-producing mitochondria in muscle and brain cells, boosting mental and physical endurance during exercise.
Rhodiola is most commonly used for increasing energy, endurance, strength, and mental capacity. It is also used as a so-called "adaptogen" to help the body adapt to and resist physical, chemical, and environmental stress. Professional athletes effectively use rhodiola rosea extract as a safe nonsteroid food additive improving endurance and rapid recovery of muscles during several decades. It also improves muscle work due to mobilization and more economic expenditure of energy resources of muscle.
Cordyceps Extract has the ability to increase energy and endurance as well as reduce the onset of exercise-related fatigue. It boosts the ATP production to provide sustained energy needed during trainings. In addition, Cordyceps extract also boosts VO2 max (maximum rate of oxygen consumption) by helping you improve oxygen utilization. As an end result, it extends the length of time you are able to perform explosive movements on your trainings. Furthermore, Cordyceps extract has also the ability to improve individual’s heart rate while on action and can correct cardiac arrhythmia (irregular heartbeat) at the same time. This is beneficial for athletes to prevent heart attack or stroke especially while competing.
Phenylethylamine (PEA) is a hormone-like substance that occurs naturally in your brain and body. It functions as a neurotransmitter that gives you heightened focus, attention, goal-directed behavior, and task-completion. It serves to help the brain to stay alert and to balance a person's mood. This plays an essential role to stay sharp and gives you the ability to stay focus on your game. Moreover, PEA amplifies the actions of other key brain chemicals – serotonin, dopamine, norepinephrine, and acetylcholine. As such, PEA is thought to slow down the rate at which your brain and body age, extend health span, and increase longevity.